Software Engineering | Project Management Process
Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.
Project Management Process consists of the following 4 stages:
- Feasibility study
- Project Planning
- Project Execution
- Project Termination
Feasibility study explores system requirements to determine project feasibility. There are several fields of a feasibility study including economic feasibility, operational feasibility, technical feasibility. The goal is to determine whether the system can be implemented or not. The process of feasibility study takes as input the required details as specified by the user and other domain-specific details. The output of this process simply tells whether the project should be undertaken or not and if yes, what would the constraints be. Additionally, all the risks and their potential effects on the projects are also evaluated before a decision to start the project is taken.
A detailed plan stating a stepwise strategy to achieve the listed objectives is an integral part of any project.
Planning consists of the following activities:
- Set objectives or goals
- Develop strategies
- Develop project policies
- Determine courses of action
- Making planning decisions
- Set procedures and rules for the project
- Develop a software project plan
- Prepare budget
- Conduct risk management
- Document software project plans
This step also involves the construction of a work breakdown structure(WBS). It also includes size, effort, schedule and cost estimation using various techniques.
A project is executed by choosing an appropriate software development lifecycle model(SDLC). It includes several steps including requirements analysis, design, coding, testing and implementation, testing, delivery, and maintenance. Several factors need to be considered while doing so including the size of the system, the nature of the project, time and budget constraints, domain requirements, etc. An inappropriate SDLC can lead to failure of the project.
There can be several reasons for the termination of a project. Though expecting a project to terminate after successful completion is conventional, but at times, a project may also terminate without completion. Projects have to be closed down when the requirements are not fulfilled according to given time and cost constraints.
Some of the reasons for failure include:
- Fast-changing technology
- Project running out of time
- Organizational politics
- Too much change in customer requirements
- Project exceeding budget or funds
Once the project is terminated, a post-performance analysis is done. Also, a final report is published describing the experiences, lessons learned, recommendations for handling future projects.
DETAILED PROJECT ENGINEERING
Detailed Project Engineering is the core service provided by our engineers as an integrated engineering service. Integrated engineering, by a multidisciplinary engineering team, is to ensure seamless integration of plant O&M needs (productivity, design duties) and engineering requirements for building up of plant.
With mechanical, electrical, instrumentation and civil/ structural engineering services along with process & raw material capabilities available under one roof and interlinked through a Local Area Network, the customer is assured of completion of engineering activities in the shortest possible time and without rework. Past experience with similar equipment and painstakingly created databases ensure a continuous supply of data, documents, and drawings to the site for uninterrupted work.
- Prepare the final layout and flowsheet based on the main machinery selected, with proper code.
- Review and approve data and drawings from suppliers.
- Prepare general arrangement drawings for ducting and chutes.
- Review & approve fabrication drawings (steel GAs) for all chutes, ducts. Belt conveyor galleries, trestles, short supports, foundations, and transfer towers.
- Prepare steel GA’s for any interface areas, where required.
- Procurement Services – Mechanical Contractor.
- System design for the power system, Earthing system and lightning protection system for the plant, based on the machinery selected, approved layout/ flow-sheet and to keep the capital and operating costs at the optimum level.
- Procurement Services – Electrical Equipment.
- Scrutinize the GA drawings, power and control schematics and design details for the equipment submitted by the suppliers.
- Prepare layout drawings and general arrangements with fixing detail for various electrical systems in the plant.
- Procurement Services – Electrical Contractor.
- Prepare control concept of the plant, identify a number of control rooms, type of microprocessor controls, control loops for optimized operation of the plant, system architecture for central control based on the latest programmable controllers available.
- Procurement Services – total C&I system as a single turnkey package.
- Scrutinize the GA drawings, control schematics, interface/inter-connection diagrams, I/O addresses, etc submitted by the supplier.
- Prepare detailed design and schemes for various components of the C&I system for the entire plant.
Civil and Structural
- Prepare specifications for releasing to tenders for carrying out soil investigation and topographic survey work to the extent required. Supervise and evaluate soil investigation results and topographic surveys carried out by independent external specialist agencies.
- Design foundations, buildings, and structurals in conformity with the project engineering and general arrangement drawings for the process departments and material handling sections. Foundations will be designed on the load data provided by different suppliers of the machinery.
- The design of all duct supports, conveyor belt supports/foundations, bins, and hoppers, stacks, stairs, platforms, railing, etc shall form part of the civil design scope.
- Prepare RCC working drawings to enable the civil contractor(s) to prepare a bar bending schedule and execute the work at site.
- Prepare structural steel drawings (Steel GA’s only) “Good for fabrication” giving details of structural system, shape, and size of members, splices details for the members to enable the fabricator to prepare shop floor details.
- Prepare schematic drawings for the plant services within the plant area such as roads, drainage, Sanitary system, etc.
- Procurement Services – Civil and structural Contractor.
- Provide requisite technical support for obtaining clearances from relevant statutory agencies /authorities.
Process Engineering √ √ √ √
Mechanical Engineering √ √ √ √
Electrical Engineering √ √ √ √
Instrument & Control Engineering √ √ √ √
Civil & Structural Engineering √ √ √ √
Holtec’s mechanical, electrical, instrumentation & control and civil & structural engineering follows clearly established guidelines and practices along with applicable statutory norms/ standards.
Holtec has an edge in providing this service as we have:
- Access to Holtec’s vast database for advance engineering and early lead of civil works construction drawings.
- Cross benefit from knowledge of different engineering standards & practices of global cement manufacturing players.
- Availability of integrated multidisciplinary engineering team under one roof.
- Streamlined coordination with one lead manager.
- Arresting omissions/ commissions at the design stage.
- Cross benefits due to the incorporation of solutions implemented in other projects with resultant benefits both for CAPEX as well as O&M.