METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING

B.Tech in Metallurgical Engineering Project Names and Ideas

Advertisements

B. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering is a professional course of 4 years duration which focuses on the study of physical and chemical properties of the diversified metals and their applications. The aspirants who hold this degree has a great scope ahead. The following are the details regarding the final year projects and ideas of B.Tech in Metallurgical Engineering.

Final year Project Names and Ideas

Failure analysis of a Leaking Oil Cooler from a diesel engine – This project deals with the process of failure analysis of a leaking oil cooler from a diesel engine. The method is that the heads on each end of the boost cooler are cut off so that the tube openings and tube sheets could be observed during leak testing.

Development of wear-resistant steel for hydro turbine – This project deals with the development of wear-resistant steel for a hydro turbine. It explains the arrangement and process to be followed to attain the target.

Analysis of paint failure in a marine environment – This project aims at the detailed analysis of paint failure in a marine environment. Various cases are analyzed to check the areas of failure and suitable remedies are also suggested.

Analysis of the pitting problem in a potable water system – This project’s main objective is to analyze the pitting problem in a potable water system. Various cases of analysis are demonstrated in this project.

Other Topics for doing Projects

  • Stretched zone with measurements and metallurgical investigations of piping components
  • Materials Characterization
  • Blending of aluminum ingots for electrical conductors
  • Determination of fracture properties of narrow gap stainless steel pipe welds
  • Failure analysis of cracking problem during stamping of automotive components
  • Failure analysis of fractured connecting rod in a NASCAR race engine
  • Material selection for convection furnace tubes in a chemical processing plant.
  • Analysis of stress corrosion cracking in Heat Exchanger Tubing
  • Failure analysis of NASCAR Titanium Exhaust Valve that exhibited unusual pitting
  • Failure analysis of a leaking Diesel Engine Manifold
  • Testing and analysis of steel from a mixed batch from the supplier
  • Failure analysis of corrosion-resistant thermal spray coatings on boiler tubes
  • Failure analysis of locomotive roller bearings
  • Failure analysis of an automotive rear-end gear
  • Failure analysis of erosion problem in chemical batch processing
  • Failure Analysis of Cracked Impeller Blades
  • Failure Analysis of Pitted Still Condenser Tubes
  • Analysis of T11 Boiler Superheater Tube Rupture
  • Failure analysis of creep damage and failure in superheater boiler tubes
  • Analysis of a fractured Retention Stud from a CNC tool holder collet
  • Failure analysis of failed soldering in a leaking refrigeration unit
  • Failure Analysis of Arcing and Contact Fatigue of Ball Bearings
  • Failure analysis of weld overlay dilution problem in a digester
  • Analysis of fatigue failures in automotive exhaust valve springs.
  • Comparison testing of fabrication welding techniques
  • Failure analysis of a fractured gear shift lever
  • Analysis of crevice corrosion in a wet chlorine line fitting
  • Analysis of surface stains from defective parts cleaning process.
  • Fatigue Fracture of A 300M Ultra-high Strength Steel Race Car Transmission Input Shaft
  • Analysis of failed hip replacement in a medical implant
  • Fatigue Cracking Of a 316l Stainless Steel Nozzle Sleeve from a Chemical Processing Vessel
  • Analysis of Condensate Induced Pitting Corrosion of a Leaking Marine Oil Cooler
  • Stress corrosion cracking and intergranular corrosion of a 316ti stainless steel preheated tube
  • Analysis of an impact fractured, welded steering arm spindle assembly
  • High-temperature oxidation failure of aluminized steel heater tubes

Choose the Industry

Several organizations are coming forward to aid students to do their final year projects. It includes Government firms, KPOs, research firms, and various IT firms. Many firms have separate sections for dealing with final year projects. The students have to choose the right firm depending on their interests, the type of project they are about to do and also on the reputation of the firm.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Find information on nanotechnology-enabled products at:

  • Nanowerk’s List of Nanotechnology Companies, and their Products, Applications & Instruments
  • The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies’ Consumer Products List
  • CPSC’s SaferProducts.gov

Agency accomplishments:

  • DOE, Basic Energy Sciences, Program Summaries
  • DOE/BES Summary Report (pdf)
  • NIH Nanomedicine Program Highlights
  • NIH/NCI Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer Accomplishments
  • NIST, Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) Project Highlights
  • NSF Nanoscience Project Highlights
  • NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Annual Grantees Conferences (includes research highlights)

After more than 20 years of basic nanoscience research and more than fifteen years of focused R&D under the NNI, applications of nanotechnology are delivering in both expected and unexpected ways on nanotechnology’s promise to benefit society.

Nanotechnology is helping to considerably improve, even revolutionize, many technology and industry sectors: information technology, homeland security, medicine, transportation, energy, food safety, and environmental science, among many others. Described below is a sampling of the rapidly growing list of benefits and applications of nanotechnology.

Many benefits of nanotechnology depend on the fact that it is possible to tailor the structures of materials at extremely small scales to achieve specific properties, thus greatly extending the materials science toolkit. Using nanotechnology, materials can effectively be made stronger, lighter, more durable, more reactive, more sieve-like, or better electrical conductors, among many other traits. Many everyday commercial products are currently on the market and in daily use that rely on nanoscale materials and processes:

  • Nanoscale additives to or surface treatments of fabrics can provide lightweight ballistic energy deflection in personal body armor, or can help them resist wrinkling, staining, and bacterial growth.
  • Clear nanoscale films on eyeglasses, computer and camera displays, windows, and other surfaces can make them water- and residue-repellent, antireflective, self-cleaning, resistant to ultraviolet or infrared light, antifog, antimicrobial, scratch-resistant, or electrically conductive.
  • Nanoscale materials are beginning to enable washable, durable “smart fabrics” equipped with flexible nanoscale sensors and electronics with capabilities for health monitoring, solar energy capture, and energy harvesting through movement.
  • Lightweighting of cars, trucks, airplanes, boats, and spacecraft could lead to significant fuel savings. Nanoscale additives in polymer composite materials are being used in baseball bats, tennis rackets, bicycles, motorcycle helmets, automobile parts, luggage, and power tool housings, making them lightweight, stiff, durable, and resilient. Carbon nanotube sheets are now being produced for use in next-generation air vehicles. For example, the combination of lightweight and conductivity makes them ideal for applications such as electromagnetic shielding and thermal management. 

High-resolution image of a polymer-silicate nanocomposite. This material has improved thermal, mechanical, and barrier properties and can be used in food and beverage containers, fuel storage tanks for aircraft and automobiles, and in aerospace components. (Image courtesy of NASA.)

  • Nano-bioengineering of enzymes is aiming to enable conversion of cellulose from wood chips, corn stalks, unfertilized perennial grasses, etc., into ethanol for fuel. Cellulosic nanomaterials have demonstrated potential applications in a wide array of industrial sectors, including electronics, construction, packaging, food, energy, health care, automotive, and defense. Cellulosic nanomaterials are projected to be less expensive than many other nanomaterials and, among other characteristics, tout an impressive strength-to-weight ratio.
  • Nano-engineered materials in automotive products include high-power rechargeable battery systems; thermoelectric materials for temperature control; tires with lower rolling resistance; high-efficiency/low-cost sensors and electronics; thin-film smart solar panels; and fuel additives for cleaner exhaust and extended range.
  • Nanostructured ceramic coatings exhibit much greater toughness than conventional wear-resistant coatings for machine parts. Nanotechnology-enabled lubricants and engine oils also significantly reduce wear and tear, which can significantly extend the lifetimes of moving parts in everything from power tools to industrial machinery.
  • Nanoparticles are used increasingly in catalysis to boost chemical reactions. This reduces the quantity of catalytic materials necessary to produce desired results, saving money and reducing pollutants. Two big applications are in petroleum refining and in automotive catalytic converters.
  • Nano-engineered materials make superior household products such as degreasers and stain removers; environmental sensors, air purifiers, and filters; antibacterial cleansers; and specialized paints and sealing products, such a self-cleaning house paints that resist dirt and marks.
  • Nanoscale materials are also being incorporated into a variety of personal care products to improve performance. Nanoscale titanium dioxide and zinc oxide have been used for years in sunscreen to protect from the sun while appearing invisible on the skin. 

Nanotechnology has greatly contributed to major advances in computing and electronics, leading to faster, smaller, and more portable systems that can manage and store larger and larger amounts of information. These continuously evolving applications include:

  • Transistors, the basic switches that enable all modern computing, have gotten smaller and smaller through nanotechnology. At the turn of the century, a typical transistor was 130 to 250 nanometers in size. In 2014, Intel created a 14-nanometer transistor, when IBM created the first seven-nanometer transistor in 2015, and then Lawrence Berkeley National Lab demonstrated a one-nanometer transistor in 2016! Smaller, faster, and better transistors may mean that soon your computer’s entire memory may be stored on a single tiny chip.
  • Using magnetic random access memory (MRAM), computers will be able to “boot” almost instantly. MRAM is enabled by nanometer‐scale magnetic tunnel junctions and can quickly and effectively save data during a system shutdown or enable resume‐play features.
  • Ultra-high-definition displays and televisions are now being sold that use quantum dots to produce more vibrant colors while being more energy-efficient.
  • SUNY College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering’s Michael Liehr left, and IBM’s Bala Haran and display a wafer comprised of 7nm chips in an NFX clean room in Albany, New York. (Image courtesy of IBM.)
  •  
  •  
  • Flexible, bendable, foldable, rollable, and stretchable electronics are reaching into various sectors and are being integrated into a variety of products, including wearables, medical applications, aerospace applications, and the Internet of Things. Flexible electronics have been developed using, for example, semiconductor nanomembranes for applications in smartphone and e-reader displays. Other nanomaterials like graphene and cellulosic nanomaterials are being used for various types of flexible electronics to enable wearable and “tattoo” sensors, photovoltaics that can be sewn onto clothing, and electronic paper that can be rolled up. Making flat, flexible, lightweight, non-brittle, highly efficient electronics opens the door to countless smart products.  
  • Other computing and electronic products include Flash memory chips for smartphones and thumb drives; ultra-responsive hearing aids; antimicrobial/antibacterial coatings on keyboards and cell phone casings; conductive inks for printed electronics for RFID/smart cards/smart packaging; and flexible displays for e-book readers.
  • Nanoparticle copper suspensions have been developed as a safer, cheaper, and more reliable alternative to lead-based solder and other hazardous materials commonly used to fuse electronics in the assembly process.

Nanotechnology is already broadening the medical tools, knowledge, and therapies currently available to clinicians. Nanomedicine, the application of nanotechnology in medicine, draws on the natural scale of biological phenomena to produce precise solutions for disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Below are some examples of recent advances in this area:

  •  
  • This image shows the bamboo-like structure of nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes for the treatment of cancer. (Courtesy of Wake Forest and the National Cancer Institute)
  •  
  • Commercial applications have adapted gold nanoparticles as probes for the detection of targeted sequences of nucleic acids, and gold nanoparticles are also being clinically investigated as potential treatments for cancer and other diseases.
  • Better imaging and diagnostic tools enabled by nanotechnology are paving the way for earlier diagnosis, more individualized treatment options, and better therapeutic success rates.
  • Nanotechnology is being studied for both the diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque in arteries. In one technique, researchers created a nanoparticle that mimics the body’s “good” cholesterol, known as HDL (high-density lipoprotein), which helps to shrink plaque. 
  • The design and engineering of advanced solid-state nanopore materials could allow for the development of novel gene sequencing technologies that enable single-molecule detection at low cost and high speed with minimal sample preparation and instrumentation.
  • Nanotechnology researchers are working on several different therapeutics where a nanoparticle can encapsulate or otherwise help to deliver medication directly to cancer cells and minimize the risk of damage to healthy tissue. This has the potential to change the way doctors treat cancer and dramatically reduce the toxic effects of chemotherapy.
  • Research in the use of nanotechnology for regenerative medicine spans several application areas, including bone and neural tissue engineering. For instance, novel materials can be engineered to mimic the crystal mineral structure of human bone or used as a restorative resin for dental applications. Researchers are looking for ways to grow complex tissues with the goal of one-day growing human organs for transplant. Researchers are also studying ways to use graphene nanoribbons to help repair spinal cord injuries; preliminary research shows that neurons grow well on the conductive graphene surface. 
  • Nanomedicine researchers are looking at ways that nanotechnology can improve vaccines, including vaccine delivery without the use of needles. Researchers also are working to create a universal vaccine scaffold for the annual flu vaccine that would cover more strains and require fewer resources to develop each year.

Nanotechnology is finding applications in traditional energy sources and is greatly enhancing alternative energy approaches to help meet the world’s increasing energy demands. Many scientists are looking into ways to develop clean, affordable, and renewable energy sources, along with means to reduce energy consumption and lessen toxicity burdens on the environment:

  • Nanotechnology is improving the efficiency of fuel production from raw petroleum materials through better catalysis. It is also enabling reduced fuel consumption in vehicles and power plants through higher-efficiency combustion and decreased friction.
  • Nanotechnology is also being applied to oil and gas extraction through, for example, the use of nanotechnology-enabled gas lift valves in offshore operations or the use of nanoparticles to detect microscopic down-well oil pipeline fractures. 
  • Researchers are investigating carbon nanotube “scrubbers” and membranes to separate carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust.
  • New solar panel films incorporate nanoparticles to create lightweight, flexible solar cells. (Image courtesy of Nanosys)
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Researchers are developing wires containing carbon nanotubes that will have much lower resistance than the high-tension wires currently used in the electric grid, thus reducing transmission power loss.
  • Nanotechnology can be incorporated into solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity more efficiently, promising inexpensive solar power in the future. Nanostructured solar cells could be cheaper to manufacture and easier to install since they can use print-like manufacturing processes and can be made in flexible rolls rather than discrete panels. Newer research suggests that future solar converters might even be “paintable.”
  • Nanotechnology is already being used to develop many new kinds of batteries that are quicker-charging, more efficient, lighter weight, have a higher power density and hold electrical charge longer. 
  • An epoxy containing carbon nanotubes is being used to make windmill blades that are longer, stronger, and lighter-weight than other blades to increase the amount of electricity that windmills can generate.
  • In the area of energy harvesting, researchers are developing thin-film solar electric panels that can be fitted onto computer cases and flexible piezoelectric nanowires woven into clothing to generate usable energy on the go from light, friction, and/or body heat to power mobile electronic devices. Similarly, various nanoscience-based options are being pursued to convert waste heat in computers, automobiles, homes, power plants, etc., to usable electrical power. 
  • Energy efficiency and energy-saving products are increasing in number and types of applications. In addition to those noted above, nanotechnology is enabling more efficient lighting systems; lighter and stronger vehicle chassis materials for the transportation sector; lower energy consumption in advanced electronics; and light-responsive smart coatings for glass.

In addition to the ways that nanotechnology can help improve energy efficiency (see the section above), there are also many ways that it can help detect and clean up environmental contaminants:

  • Nanotechnology could help meet the need for affordable, clean drinking water through rapid, low-cost detection and treatment of impurities in water. 
  • Engineers have developed a thin-film membrane with nanopores for energy-efficient desalination. This molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) membrane filtered two to five times more water than current conventional filters.
  • Nanoparticles are being developed to clean industrial water pollutants in groundwater through chemical reactions that render the pollutants harmless. This process would cost less than methods that require pumping the water out of the ground for treatment.
  • Researchers have developed a nanofabric “paper towel” woven from tiny wires of potassium manganese oxide that can absorb 20 times its weight in oil for cleanup applications. Researchers have also placed magnetic water-repellent nanoparticles in oil spills and used magnets to mechanically remove the oil from the water.
  • Many airplane cabins and other types of air filters are nanotechnology-based filters that allow “mechanical filtration,” in which the fiber material creates nanoscale pores that trap particles larger than the size of the pores. The filters also may contain charcoal layers that remove odors. 
  • Nanotechnology-enabled sensors and solutions are now able to detect and identify chemical or biological agents in the air and soil with much higher sensitivity than ever before. Researchers are investigating particles such as self-assembled monolayers on mesoporous supports (SAMMS™), dendrimers, and carbon nanotubes to determine how to apply their unique chemical and physical properties for various kinds of toxic site remediation. Another sensor has been developed by NASA as a smartphone extension that firefighters can use to monitor air quality around fires.

Nanotechnology offers the promise of developing multifunctional materials that will contribute to building and maintaining lighter, safer, smarter, and more efficient vehicles, aircraft, spacecraft, and ships. Besides, nanotechnology offers various means to improve the transportation infrastructure:

  • As discussed above, nano-engineered materials in automotive products include polymer nanocomposites structural parts; high-power rechargeable battery systems; thermoelectric materials for temperature control; lower rolling-resistance tires; high-efficiency/low-cost sensors and electronics; thin-film smart solar panels; and fuel additives and improved catalytic converters for cleaner exhaust and extended range. Nano-engineering of aluminum, steel, asphalt, concrete and other cementitious materials, and their recycled forms offers great promise in terms of improving the performance, resiliency, and longevity of highway and transportation infrastructure components while reducing their life cycle cost. New systems may incorporate innovative capabilities into traditional infrastructure materials, such as self-repairing structures or the ability to generate or transmit energy.
  • Nanoscale sensors and devices may provide cost-effective continuous monitoring of the structural integrity and performance of bridges, tunnels, rails, parking structures, and pavements over time. Nanoscale sensors, communications devices, and other innovations enabled by nanoelectronics can also support an enhanced transportation infrastructure that can communicate with vehicle-based systems to help drivers maintain lane position, avoid collisions, adjust travel routes to avoid congestion, and improve drivers’ interfaces to onboard electronics. 
  • “Game-changing” benefits from the use of nanotechnology-enabled lightweight, high-strength materials would apply to almost any vehicle. For example, it has been estimated that reducing the weight of a commercial jet aircraft by 20 percent could reduce its fuel consumption by as much as 15 percent. A preliminary analysis performed for NASA has indicated that the development and use of advanced nanomaterials with twice the strength of conventional composites would reduce the gross weight of a launch vehicle by as much as 63 percent. Not only could this save a significant amount of energy needed to launch spacecraft into orbit, but it would also enable the development of single stage to orbit launch vehicles, further reducing launch costs, increasing mission reliability, and opening the door to alternative propulsion concepts.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *